Christian/a Sampson 1824-1909 & James Wearn/e 1823-1901
Married on 10 Oct 1846 at St Just in Penwith Parish Church, Cornwall. Witnesses were Thomas Sampson (brother of Christian) and a John Tregear. At the time of marriage Joseph was living in Bojewyan and Christiana at Carnyorth. Occupation for James given as miner. Christiana could not write and signed her name with an “x” mark.

Christiana Sampson

Eighth child of John and Grace Sampson

Baptised: 21 Mar 1824 St Hilary, Cornwall

Died: 25 Aug 1909 Parkside, Adelaide, South Australia

Buried: Kadina, South Australia

James Nicholas Wearn/e

Baptised: 12 Jan 1823

Died: 7 Jul 1901 Newtown, Kadina, South Australia

Buried: Kadina, South Australia

Occupation: Miner and teamster

Note two spellings have been used for the surname: Wearn and Wearne

Migration to South Australia 1847

James, Christiana and daughter Mary Elizabeth arrived in Port Adelaide on board the Cressy on Thursday 19 August 1847. See shipping list below.

The 1841 English Census finds Christian living in Goldsithney with 3 other sisters in Mary, Grace and Elizabeth. Mary the eldest of the sisters seems to be taking the responsibility of the household. Next door is their eldest brother John with his wife Ann and their children. Christian’s mother, Grace died in 1831 when Christian was 7 years of age. Her father John Sampson seems to have died somewhere between the birth of her youngest sister, Elizabeth in 1826 and before the date of the 1841 census. The census gives the occupation of the four sisters as ‘works at mine’. It is most probable that all sisters worked at the same mine as ore dressers or bal maidens as they were called. This type of employment meant women and children were employed on the surface of the mine to separate the waste from the ore. Usually women stayed in this employment until they married. [Source: Bal Maidens by Lynne Mayers 2008]

After the census the sisters moved away from Goldsithney most probably due to employment. Her elder sister Mary was in residence at Botallack at the time of her marriage. Possibly her sisters were with her there. It is most probable that the three younger sisters were all together in Carnyorth. Grace was married in 1845 and Christian in 1846 each with their residence at time of marriage as being Carnyorth. Sadly Elizabeth died in Carnyorth in 1849.

At some stage Christian added an ‘a’ on the end of her first name. In March of 1847 Christian and James had their first child born in Mary Elizabeth Wearn. In a matter of 6-7 weeks after the birth James, Christiana and Mary Elizabeth undertook the voyage to South Australia on the ship Cressy. They Arrived in Port Adelaide on 19 August 1847. When their second child arrived they were living in the Murray District which consisted of land between within two miles of the banks of certain rivers. James became a teamster living in the mid north, transporting copper from Burra to the ports.

In May of 1853, James Wearn of Upper Wakefield, teamster, paid 48 pounds to Thomas Henry Williams of Kooringa,copper smelter for a parcel of land in the River Wakefield Survey and on 1 Oct of the same year James paid 40 pounds to James Hodges of Auburn, teamster, for an allotment in the same area. He and brothers in law Martin Warren and Christopher Matthews were amongst the first settlers to purchase an allotment in Auburn. As teamsters they were carting copper ore from Burra to Port Wakefield and their respective homes at Auburn were a stopping place along this route. Later James was a butcher at Auburn.

On the 1 June 1856 he sold land to John Braddock, a surgeon of Auburn for 80 pounds and on 2 November he purchased 16 acres 2 roods from T.H.Williams and took out a mortgage of 50 pounds to the land agent. This was discharged on 25 April 1860. In June that year James sold portion of his land to Charles Ansell, poundkeeper of Auburn for 15 pounds. The South Australian Advertiser of 30 September 1859 identifies James as having residence in Auburn, property block ‘a1’of section 261, Wakefield River Survey.

Copper was discovered at Walleroo Mines in late 1859. In March of 1860 James applied for a publican licence for the Crossroads Inn, Dry Hill and this was granted by the Bench of Magistrates on 24 March 1860 (Reported in the South Australian Advertiser, Monday 26 March 1860 page 3.) The Crossroads Inn was located four miles from Burra where Christiana’s brother John Sampson lived.

The name of James N Wearne with wife and child is found on the fourth line from the bottom of this article.

South Australian Register Sat 21 Aug 1847 p. 3 TROVE

In June of 1860 James was a witness in the discovery of a dead body of a man who had previously attended his Inn. Here is his testimony in this case:
James Nicholas Wearne, sworn – Was coming to Redruth yesterday morning by way of Copperhouse, and met first witness, who called out to them that there was a man lying dead near the road. Rode as hard as we could to the spot, and found the man lying there. Told Gorman to go and give information to the police as quick as possible. Did not know who deceased was perfectly until police came. Had seen the body in the Hospital; it was the same; his name was Knuckey (Richard Knuckey was an engine-driver at the Burra Mine). Saw tracks round the body; but was not certain whether of man or horse. Remained after he saw the body until the policeman came; but did not touch it. Thought he saw a horse-track a little distance off from the body. There were marks in the puddle, as of his feet struggling. It seemed as though his feet had been moving while he lay. Thought deceased might have got up, if not stunned or otherwise hurt. Saw him about 20 minutes to 5 o’clock on Monday. Did not see him afterwards until he found him dead. Deceased was sober when he left on Monday. He was not a good horseman. did not think the horse he rode was very unruly or vicious. There was good daylight when deceased left my house. Kept a public-house. deceased had two glasses rum-hot there. Might have had another, but not to my knowledge. He complained of cold. Just after he left it rained hard, and the ground was slippery. Had not heard of deceased having been seen before they found him. Noticed he was without hat when found. Had not see the hat; heard it had since been found on the road. (From newspaper article: Coroner’s inquest at Kooringa in the South Australian Register of Saturday 16 June 1860, p.3 TROVE)

In Kooringa on April 3 1861, James along with his brother-in-law John Sampson Snr and nephews John Sampson Jnr and William Sampson, sign requisition in support for G.S.Kingston to represent Burra and Clare in the House of Assembly (South Australian Register Monday 8 April 1861, p.1.). James must not have been a publican at the Crossroads Inn for long as by December of 1862 he is mentioned in the Court of Insolvency. After being a publican he seems to have moved into Kooringa as a livery stable keeper and fell on hard times financially. By the end of 1862 he has moved to Kadina. See newspaper image below (South Australian Register Thursday 18 December 1861, p.1 TROVE)

By the end of 1862, James was a driver at the Cumberland Mine at Wallaroo. For the rest of his life he remained at Kadina and for most of the time worked at the Wallaroo Mines. In February of 1879 he was appointed manager for the Kadina and Walleroo Co-operative Society but this was to be a brief stint of two months as the Co-op was wound up in April. Below are two articles associated with James involvement in the Co-op.
The Wallaroo Times and Mining Journal 22 Feb 1879 p. 3 TROVE
The Walleroo Times and Mining Journal Wed 16 Apr 1879 p. 2 TROVE

The Kadina and Wallaroo Times gives a brief obituary for James (Wed July 10 1901 as follows:

JAMES NICHOLAS WEARNE – We have to chronicle in the death of James Nicholas Wearne a very old and highly respected resident of this district. His sons are all in South Africa at the Kimberly gold and diamond fields, where they were anxious he should go, but his associations here were ties too strong at his age to allow of his leaving. Deceased at his death was seventy eight years of age, and during all these years his life has been serene, spotless and pure in youth. Happy and trustful in his years of maturity; ever prepared to sacrifice self for his family and neighbours. The aim and object of his life was to live a Christian, and to die having the Christian’s hope. His life was spared for nearly four score years. It might be truely said of him that he was like a sheaf of corn ripe for the sickle, for he passed away not only full of years, but rich in faith and abounding in love. His life will ever be a sweet memory to all who ever had the pleasue of his close acquaintance. His funeral took place on Tuesday afternoon and was attended by the soldiers of the local army, who sung as they marched in front of the hearse a hymn an adaption of “Home Sweet Home,” and was followed by a large circle of friends in traps. The funeral was conducted by Mr Geo. Haddy. 

James  had a home at Newtown, a suburb of Kadina, which he bequeathed to Christiana, and after her death, to daughter Jane. Here is a copy of the contents of the Last will and testament for James Nicholas Wearne.

Notes: Could not pick up Christiana’s death in the TROVE database. Could not find any headstones for James and Christiana in Kadina Cemetery in 2010.

The Advertiser Thu 11 Jul 1901 p. 5 TROVE
The Chronicle 13 Jul 1901 p. 35 TROVE
The Advertiser Fri 7 Jul 1905 p. 6 TROVE
The Advertiser Mon 15 Jul 1901 p. 6 TROVE